History of the Maurya Dynasty : In this phase of the Azad, we will clear the way in which questions are asked about this tester in competitive examinations. And questions are asked to raise paper Maurya Vansh questions . Carefully read the available information and download the notes given below to ensure proper points in the upcoming examinations.

Maurya Vansh Maurya Dynasty

The Mauryan dynasty was a powerful and great dynasty of ancient India. It ruled in India for 137 years. The credit for its establishment is given to Chandragupta Maurya and his monk Acharya Chanakya, who defeated the Emperor Ghanananda of Nandvans. This empire began in the east of the Ganges river in Magadha state. Its capital was Pataliputra (now Patna). The Maurya Empire stretched up to 52 million square kilometer.

Establishment of Maurya Dynasty

In 325 BC, the North-Western India (almost the entire area of ​​today’s Pakistan) was ruled by the satrap of Sikandar. When Sikandar was climbing on Punjab, a Brahmin named Chanakya (also known as Kautilya and the real name Vishnugupta) came to encourage Magadha for the empire expansion. Magadha was very powerful at that time and the thorn of neighboring states But Emperor Ghanananda of Magadha of that era turned him down. He said that you are a pundit and take care of your peak “war is the work of the king; you are a scholar, you only practice”, from then on Chanakya took the pledge that he would teach Dhananand a lesson.

After this, a network of detectives were distributed all over India, in which to collect the secret information of the betrayer against the king – it was probably unprecedented in India. Once this happened, he prepared Chandragupta to kill the Greek satrap. In this work he got help from a wide network of detectives. In Magadha’s invasion, Chanakya provoked civil war in Magadha. His detectives bribed Nand officials and took them into his favor. After this Nand Rasak gave up his position and Chanakya received Vijayashree. Nand had to live a deported life after which what happened to him is unknown. Chandragupta Maurya also won the trust of the public and also got the right to power with him.

Fall of the Maurya dynasty

Ashok’s successor turned out to be inept. The last king of this lineage was the Greater Maurya. 185 BC In his commander Pushyamitra Sung killed him and a new dynasty named Shung Dynasty started.

Military system of Maurya dynasty

In India, the first national political unity was established during the reign of the Mauryan dynasty . There was strong centralization of power in the Maurya Administration, but the king was not autocratic. In the period of Mauryan period, the democracy went down and the political system was strengthened. Kautilya had specified the State Week principle, on which the Maurya Administration and its home and foreign policy were operated – Raja, Amatya district, fortress, treasury, army and friends.

Military system was specified by the Department of Military Division divided into six committees. There were five military experts in each committee. Arrangements were made for infantry, horse force, yard army, chariot army and nine army. The supreme authority of military management was called anantpal. It was also an administrator of the border areas. According to Megasthenes, the army of Chandragupta Maurya was unarmed soldiers equipped with 6 million footpaths, 50,000 cavalry, 9 thousand elephants and eight hundred chariots.

Administration of Maurya Dynasty

The capital of the Maurya Empire was Pataliputra (modern Patna). In addition, the empire was divided into four more provinces for administration. The eastern part was the capital of Tausali, then the southern part was the gold jewelery. Similarly, capital of the northern and western part was Takshshila and Ujjain (Ujjayini) respectively. Apart from this, Sampa, Ishila and Kaushambi were important towns too. The provinces of the state were the Kumar who were the rulers of the local provinces. For the help of Kumar, there was a minister’s council and grandmother in every province. The provinces were divided into further districts. Each district was divided into groups of villages. Regional district was the head of administration. The rope used to measure the ground. The smallest unit of administration was a village, whose head was called village.

Who was the ruler of Maurya

S.No.The rulerReign
1Chandragupta Maurya322 BC – 298 BC
2Bindusar298 B.C. -272 BC
3Ashok273 BC-232 BC
4Dashrath Maurya232 BC-224 BC
5Presently224 BC-215 BC
6Shalice215 BC – 202 BC
7Devavarman202 BC-195 BC
8Sattadhanvan Maurya195 BC before 187 BC
9Coli Maury187 BC-185 BC

History of Maurya Rulers

Chandra Gupta Mourya

Chandragupta Maurya (Raj: 323-298 BC) was the first founder of the Maurya Empire in ancient India . They were the rulers who succeeded in bringing the whole of India under one empire. His empire was spread from Bengal to Afghanistan and Balochistan and from west to Pakistan in the Himalayas and the northern part of Kashmir. As well as expanding to Platau in the south. In Indian history, the reign of Chandragupta Maurya is considered the largest rule.



Chandragupta Maurya’s son Bindusayu is the next ruler of the Maurya Empire . In history, the famous ruler Emperor Asoka was the son of Bindusara. He ruled for almost 25 years.

Emperor ashok


Emperor Ashoka was one of the great powerful empires of India. He was the son of Bindusara, ruler of the Maurya empire. He ruled for almost 41 years. Ashok Maurya, commonly known as Ashoka and Ashoka – a great.

Dashrath Maurya

Dasarath Maurya, the grandson of Emperor Asoka , was the 5th ruler of that empire. Dasharath was the last ruler of the Maurya dynasty to issue inscriptions – thus the last Mauryan emperor was known from inscriptions. He ruled for almost 8 years. Dasarath died in 224 BC and after that his cousin, Sampratri, made it his successor.


At present, there was an emperor of the Maurya dynasty. He was the son of the blind son of Ashoka, Kunal, and after his cousin Dashrath, he succeeded as the emperor of the Maurya Empire. He ruled for 9 years


Shalishuka maureya was the ruler of the Maurya dynasty. They ruled from 215-202 BC for almost 13 years. He was the successor to Maurya.


Devavarman was the Emperor of the Maurya Empire who ruled 202-195 BC . According to the Puranas, he was the successor of Shalishaka Maurya and he ruled for seven years.

Sathdhavnain Maurya

Shatadvavnya Maurya was the successor of Maurya Empire’s Devavarman Maurya and he ruled for eight years. During his time, due to the invasions he lost some territories of his empire.

Coli Maury

The Graythat Maurya was the last ruler of the Maurya Empire . They ruled till 187-185 BC. He was killed by them by a minister Pushyamitra Sung. Who established the Shang Empire.

Maurya Dynasty GK Questions

● What is the oldest dynasty –  Maurya dynasty 
● Who established the Maurya Empire – Chandragupta Maurya 
● When the Maurya dynasty was founded –  322 BC 
● Who was the Prime Minister of Kautilya / Chanakya – Chandragupta Maurya’s 
other name was Chanakya –  Vishnu Gupta. 
Who helped the most in expanding the rule of Chandgupta –  Chanakya 
who is compared to “Prince” of Machiavelli –  Kautilya’s economics 
● what ruler was a murder of his elder brother to the throne  Ashok 
● what was the wife’s name of Emperor Ashoka who had influenced him  Karuwaki 
● Ashoka was used which natural than a penny in the inscriptions  jasmine 
● Bindusar sent where Ashok to crush the rebels was  Taxila 
● What emperor called Dewan Priyadrshi ‘was  Asoka 
● What king Kalinga Seeing the massacre in the war, Buddhism adopted-  Ashok 
● When Kalinga was the war-  261 BC. 
● Was Which ruler of ancient India who had embraced Jainism in its final days  Chandragupta Maurya 
● Mauryan Empire which currency prevailing sharply in  Gage 
● Who was the successor of Ashok – Kunal 
was contemporary with whom the author ● Economics  Chandra Gupta Mourya 
● What was the famous center of education in the Mauryan period-  Taxila? 
● The ruler of Greece, Seleucus sent his ambassador Megasthenes to India in whose court – Chandragupta Maurya 
● When Chandragupta Maurya defeated Seleucus-  305 BC. 
● What is the name of the book of Megasthenes –  Indica 
● In whose texts Chandragupta Maurya’s particular form is described – in the text of 
Visakhadatta, who is the author of ‘Protarakshas’ –  Vishakdutt. 
• Which source describes the administration of Pataliputra –  Indica 
● What language was  there in the inscriptions of Ashoka – Pāpatr? 
• Which Maurya King had conquered the Deccan –  Kunal 
● How much of the society was divided by megasthenes in its book-  five of 
which is related to ‘economics’ – from  political policies? 
Which ruler has made Pataliputra its capital? – Chandragupta Maurya 
● Who made Chandragupta’s palace in Pataliputra-  wood 
● which records it had spread as far west as the impact of Chandragupta that proves India  refer to Rudradaman of Junagadh record 
● Srwpr Indian Empire who did founded  by Chandragupta Maurya, 
Ashoka said the emperor himself Magadha ● which column is  Babru column 
● Uttarakhand is located where inscriptions of Ashoka – in Kalsi 
, who was the first Englishman reading the inscriptions of Ashoka ● James Prinsep 
● The victory of the Kalinga war and the inscriptions describing the Kshatriyas are in the inscription –  13th inscription (XIII) 
● Which ruler was in contact with the people – Ashok? In 
what text did Chandragupta Maurya use the word ‘Turbal’ What is the name of the  monk? 
Indraprastha : In which state is Ashoka’s personal name mentioned?  Maski 
● The establishment of Srinagar was done by the Maurya ruler-  Ashok. In 
what scripture do the ‘Shudras’ The word ‘Arya’ has been used – in  economics 
● Who called Pataliputra as ‘Polibrotha’ – Megasthenes 
● Who was called ‘Agronomy’ during the Mauryan period- to the  Road Construction Officer 
● What is the important source to know about Ashoka – inscription 
● “Who does not know the art of Indian writing” –  Megasthenes 
● At the time of Bindusara’s death, Ashoka was the governor of a province, which was the province –  Ujjain 
● Who sent his son and daughter to Sri Lanka for the propagation and propagation of Buddhism –  Ashok 
● Economics by Kautilya is divided into how many agencies-  15 
● Ashok K What other records have been found besides India –  Afghanistan 
● In what inscription Ashoka declared, “All human beings are my children” – In the  first separate inscription: 
● From what place would the stone be taken for Ashoka’s inscription Was – from  Chunar 
● In which month the fiscal year of Mauryas would begin-  Ashad (July)
● Kis Jain texts mention the adoption of Jainism of Chandragupta Maurya – in the  Appendix Parva 
● Chandragupta Maurya fought with the Greek ruler – from  Seleucus 
● Arian what hath named Chandragupta Maurya – Sandrokots 
● Use what texts Chandragupta ‘Kulhin word for Maurya been done  Mudraarakshs 
in ● what book Not reveal the southern Indian attacks is  Tamil treatise ‘Ahnanur’ 
● Chandragupta died labored long been done  297 e. E. 
● Who was the teacher at Chanakya University – At Takshshila University, 
who got the rule after Chandragupta- Bindusar the 
● Bindusar was a follower of what sect  Ajivk sect 
● What scholars who Bindusar 16 states, the winner told  Taranatha the 
IO ● Ashok Magadha throne Bata-  269 e. E. 
● What was the name of Ashoka’s mother – Shubhadrangi
● Who first initiated the  inscriptions in India-  Ashok 
● When Ashok’s inscriptions were discovered-  1750 AD.  When the inscriptions of 
Ashoka were first read – in  1837 
● the last Mauryan emperor Who was –  bigotry 
● Who was the great ruler of Kalinga in ancient times – Kharavel